Understanding Spatial Pattern Cognition from Tactile Maps and Graphics
1Perdue, N.; 2Lobben, A.
This paper explores the cognitive dimensions of spatial pattern identification in people who are blind or low vision using tactile graphics for people. We contend that spatial pattern identification is critical to the construction of an informative and rich environmental image. This research investigates individual spatial thinking skills hypothesized to be components of spatial patterns. The findings suggest Cartesian proximity and object differentiation are vital cognitive skills of spatial pattern identification and could potentially be exploited to communicate complex environmental knowledge in tactile reference maps. The relationship between prior map-reading training and test performance indicate a critical need for an increased presence of tactile cartographies and highlights future research opportunities.
Spatial Cognition; Tactile Cartography; Environmental Accessibility